The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA) is the federal statute for conducting federal environmental assessments (EAs).
The federal EA process applies to:
Some projects may be subject to both provincial and federal environmental assessment (EA) legislation. To reduce any potential duplication, Ontario signed a cooperative agreement with the federal government. This agreement commits both governments to conduct a cooperative EA while retaining their respective decision making powers. This coordinated approach aims to reduce or remove the duplication of documentation and consultation efforts.
An example of a project that would likely be subject to coordinated provincial and federal EA review would be a new freeway.